farming

Iti te Kōpara – Hapū Economic Development Plan

Iti te kopara kai takiri ana i runga i te Kahikatea.

Hikurangi Takiwa Trust (HTT) with support from Eastland Community Trust (ECT), commissioned the preparation of a draft Economic Development Plan to help identify opportunities and plan action to raise the economic wellbeing of the Takiwa.

Scope

HTT Trustees agreed at their meeting in March 2016 that it made sense for the plan to include people and places in the wider district and not be restricted just to the geographic and population communities that Hikurangi Takiwa Trust is established to benefit. This plan has a focus on the area generally from Te Puia Springs and Waipiro Bay through to Poroporo and Rangitukia.

It is by no means comprehensive or authoritative, it has no explicit mandate from the people in this district but we have tried to involve business owners and local residents in identifying priorities and opportunities to progress. We have provided drafts of the plan to a number of external stakeholders with a particular interest in our communities.

Structure

Through a process of local stakeholder engagement and research, a broad range of opportunities have been narrowed down in the development of an Action Plan to ensure limited resources can make the greatest short to medium term difference.

The projects in the Action Plan have been organised together into three broad work streams:

  • WHAIRAWA / CAPITAL GROWTH
  • AHUWHENUA / ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT
  • KUHUKUHU / SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS

 

The Whairawa / Capital Growth work-stream focuses on identifying and growing six asset classes in the district:

  • Natural Capital: Regenerating a healthy natural environment.
  • Manufactured Capital: Ensuring the infrastructure that enables economic development and wellbeing is available.
  • Human Capital: Building local capability for economic development through education, training, mentoring and whānau relocating back to the district.
  • Intellectual Capital: Developing and protecting knowledge-based assets including traditional knowledge and intellectual property.
  • Financial Capital: Encouraging capital investment in local ventures.
  • Social & Cultural Capital: Maintaining and growing healthy relationships, traditions, creativity and resources within the community.

The Ahuwhenua / Enterprise Development work-stream focuses on supporting the local development of high value industries and the business service sector. This includes new products and services and expanding existing enterprises while reducing associated business costs:

  • Tourism & Hospitality: eco-tourism, cultural experiences, agricultural tourism, etc.
  • Bioactives: manuka, kanuka, hemp, pine, etc.
  • Energy: solar, hydro and biomass for heating, fuel and electricity
  • Research & Technology: online businesses and services, consultants and technical support, etc.
  • Forestry: diversifying species, improving environmental management, utilising waste stream, etc.
  • Beef & Sheep: diversifying breeds and improving production
  • Horticulture: cropping, nuts, truffles, saffron, Nati Kai Kete, etc.

The Kuhukuhu / Sustainable Livelihoods work-stream focuses on supporting whānau to stay in the district, maintain sustainable lifestyles based on traditional whenua and access to natural resources through:

  • Supporting Existing Businesses: identifying & deploying priority business support for existing enterprise;
  • Reframing Development: using progress indicators that measure wellbeing instead of income;
  • Supporting Subsistence: enabling public policy supporting rather than penalising subsistence lifestyles based on hunting, gathering and harvesting;
  • Digital Development: improving digital infrastructure and skills for telecommuting.

Next Steps

To progress the goals of the plan Hikurangi Takiwa Trust supports the establishment of a new entity to lead job creation and economic development opportunities in the takiwa and neighbouring hapū. Subsequently this planning process has resulted in the establishment of Hikurangi Huataukina Trust, a charitable trust focused on job creation and economic development – initially in the communities between Waipiro Bay and Rangitukia.

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Freshwater Monitoring Workshop

Hikurangi Takiwa Trust has teamed up with He Awa Ora, He Tai Ora, Healthy Rivers Living Sea Education Trust to offer a two day training workshop on stream and river quality monitoring. 

The free workshop will cover a wide range of low cost, user-friendly tools and scientifically robust techniques for assessing the quality and changes in waterways in Tairāwhiti. The workshop will be based in the Waikohu and Makatote streams that feed into the awa Mata. Cultural considerations and Health & Safety issues will also be covered in the workshop.

Accommodation is available and we encourage participation from hapu members, marae representatives, local landowners, teachers and students.

The workshop will start 10am Monday 27 June at Kariaka Pa, Ruatoria and conclude 3pm 28 June.

For more information and to register please contact Pia Pohatu: pia@uritukuiho.org.nz 

Hapū aiming for habitat protection through sustainable land use

With a national report just released showing 74 per cent of native freshwater species are threatened and the relaxing of plantation forestry rules set to cause more erosion, a hapu collective on the East Coast plans to enhance natural habitat while ensuring families based on the land can make a living.

Hapu ‘kaitieki’ on top of Tutae-a-Whata near Makarika.

Hapu ‘kaitieki’ on top of Tutae-a-Whata near Makarika.

The third Hikurangi Takiwa Trust hapu wananga of the Tieki Te Taiao o Te Takiwa project was held at Penu Pa near Makarika over the weekend.

Wananga activities included measuring water quality and stream habitat, assessing the impact of soil erosion on land use and waterways, restoring native vegetation and the looking at the environmental impacts of various land uses including farming, forestry and residential settlement.

Sharing stream survey tools and techniques in-situ of the Makatote Stream with students from Te Kura o Makarika, Te Kura o Hiruharama, Te Kura Kaupapa Maori o Te Waiu and Te Parekereke Mokopuna o Hiruharama was the highlight on the first day facilitated by Murray Palmer, Amy-Rose Hardy and Dr Joanne Clapcott, a freshwater scientist with the Cawthron Institute in Nelson.

The Rapid Habitat Assessment (RHA) is a tool developed by Dr Clapcott for stream habitat assessment. It provides a straightforward way for assessors to score and areas that don’t score so well provide a clear focus for restoration efforts.

Dr Joanne Clapcott from the Cawthron Institute identifying stream inhabitants with wananga participants from Makarika and Hiruharama.

Dr Joanne Clapcott from the Cawthron Institute identifying stream inhabitants with wananga participants from Makarika and Hiruharama.

Wananga participants focused on a monitoring site in the Makatote Stream just below Penu Pa. With an RHA score of 72/100, areas for habitat improvement were readily identified as riparian shade, and adjacent and upstream erosion.

The macroinvertebrate community (stream bugs) index score for the same site was 116.4, just below the threshold for ‘Excellent – clean water’.

“This is especially good for a farm-type stream as we took samples from a range of habitats” said Mr Palmer, who has been monitoring waterways around the district for more than thirty years. “Nearly half of the animals gathered were of the sensitive orders, Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera, again a very good result.”

Matauranga a hapu was a highlight of the weekend with whakapapa expert Karen Pewhairangi facilitating a role-play with participants of local historical events involving tipuna Te Atau. Nga Kuri Paaka a Uetuhiao, Te Rangitawaea and Kirimamae and their children Rongoitekai, Rongohaere and Wi o Te Rangi.

“We orient ourselves through our shared whakapapa and stories” said project coordinator and local land owner Pia Pohatu. “Our cultural landscape helps us make sense of what is happening in today’s physical landscape and ways we can lead and support current-day landowners and decision-makers with restoration aspirations.”

Regenerating kahikatea, totara and rewarewa at Pouturu Station, Ihungia.

Regenerating kahikatea, totara and rewarewa at Pouturu Station, Ihungia.

Advancing an integrated environmental monitoring program for te rohenga o Hikurangi Takiwa was a major milestone for the Trust, that works for the six pa and associated hapu in the area between Mt Hikurangi, Waipiro Bay and Ruatoria.

“We are grateful for the expertise and participation of scientists like Murray, Joanne and Dr Ian Ruru” said Ms Pohatu.

Weta at Waingakia Station.

Weta at Waingakia Station.

The monitoring program will integrate three key water quality measuring tools – the Mauri Compass developed by Dr Ruru and endorsed by Gisborne District Council, the Rapid Habitat Assessment developed by Dr Clapcott and the Cawthron Institute, and the Macroinvertebrate Community Index endorsed by the Ministry for the Environment. A digital monitoring tool with an interactive ‘touch-smart’ and GIS mapping platform is being developed as a user interface for the monitoring data collected.

Wananga participants included a number of local land owners, farmers and young people.

“We are really looking to achieve a sustainable model of co-existence between humans and other species” said participant Manu Caddie. “As Wendell Berry says, the question we must deal with is not whether the domestic and the wild are separate or can be separated; it is how, in the human economy, their indissoluble and necessary connection can be properly maintained. What kind of plantation forestry or hill country farming is helpful to protect remaining wildlife while still enabling locals to earn a living? And where will our food and construction materials come from if we didn’t have farming or forestry?”

Amy-Rose Hardy instructing wananga participants on the process for gathering macroinvertebrate from the Makatote Stream.

Amy-Rose Hardy instructing wananga participants on the process for gathering macroinvertebrate from the Makatote Stream.

Participants spent the evenings adding sites to a growing digital database and GIS map for Hikurangi Takiwa using online services to source information that was integrated with local cultural knowledge.

“GIS is a powerful and accessible tool for recording and re-presenting matauranga (cultural knowledge) that is important to us, supports lifelong learning and our aspirations, needs and responsibilities as kaitiaki” said Ms Pohatu.

“The ability to collaboratively build and share maps supports intergenerational transmission of matauranga, improves our decision-making and better informs the initiatives we want to lead and get involved with.”

A Ngati Porou Wai Maori Hui was held at the conclusion of the wananga with presentations by Te Runanganui o Ngati Porou representatives and Gisborne District Council staff.

Penu Pa is one of 30 marae that has access to Nati Waiwhai, a free internet service established by Te Runanganui o Ngati Porou and local ISP Gisborne.Net.

“Internet access is essential for this kind of event” said Penu Pa committee member Natasha Koia. “So we are grateful to the individuals and organisations that have made WiFi accessible to most marae on the East Coast.”

The wananga was supported by the Department of Conservation Community Conservation Partnership Fund, Gisborne District Council and the Cawthron Institute.

Collecting macroinvertebrate from the Makatote Stream.

Collecting macroinvertebrate from the Makatote Stream.

 

Wananga participants agreed on the need to develop waterway monitoring program to assess the quality of streams and rivers before, during and after plantation forest harvesting within the hapu estate.

Wananga participants agreed on the need to develop a waterway monitoring program to assess the quality of streams and rivers before, during and after plantation forest harvesting within the hapu estate.

Tieki Te Taiao Wānanga #4 Programme

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Due a number of factors beyond our control (like lambing and bereavements) some last minute changes to the wānanga programme – and this is still subject to weather and a range of other factors – but it’s still looking awesome!

Organisers reserve the right to change the programme whenever we feel like it...

Organisers reserve the right to change the programme whenever we feel like it…